With travel to approximately 120 countries, either completely prohibited or strictly limited to emergency exemptions, in line with the global COVID-19 pandemic, South Africa now faces more travel restrictions than any other country in the world, according to a report on businessinsider.co.za.
As the world continues to grapple with COVID-19 containment measures amid fears of a resurgence, international travel remains severely restricted. The latest data provided by the International Air Transport Association (IATA), which tracks global travel regulations in real-time, shows that while some countries are easing border closures, travellers from South Africa still face fierce sanctions.
Secondary travel bans – defined as reinstated border closures announced after the global waning of the first wave of COVID-19 infections – gathered swift momentum in December. This coincided with the emergence of new COVID-19 variants, such as 501Y.V2 which was first detected in the Eastern Cape.
The discovery of 501Y.V2 – which is considered more transmissible than the initial virus – brought more restrictions on travellers from South Africa. In an attempt to halt the variant’s spread, travel bans expanded to other countries and have been consistently extended.
Despite a reprieve in South Africa’s infection rate, and with the vaccine rollout underway, international travel – to key areas like North America, Europe and Asia – remains largely off-limits.
South African travellers face 120 major restrictions and 97 moderate restrictions, which includes mandatory testing and quarantine protocols. Only nine countries are listed as having “low restrictions” for travellers from South Africa.
Countries like the UK and Brazil have also faced harsh travel restrictions due to variants. Travellers from Brazil, which first discovered a new variant – known as P1 or 20J/501Y.V3 – in early January, are currently subjected to 117 major restrictions. Travellers from the UK, which identified the B.1.1.7 variant at around the same time as South Africa discovered 501Y.V2, face 115 major restrictions.
“Before the crisis we had almost 30,000 unique international routes between airports,” explained IATA’s outgoing Director General and CEO, Alexandre de Juniac. “Now we have about 12,000.”
And while some countries have begun to relax travel restrictions for the UK and Brazil, South Africa has been subjected to a fresh wave of extensions. The Netherlands and Ireland are the latest countries to restrict travel for South Africans.
The continued restrictions have had a devastating impact on the country’s tourism industry. While most countries offer entry exemptions to returning residents – which allows international visitors to travel to South Africa – mandatory quarantine protocols upon the traveller’s return are still enforced. These quarantine measures, which can come with steep costs, further dissuade international visitors from visiting South Africa.
“So long as governments maintain quarantine requirements, there will be no restart,” noted de Juniac.
“With ample testing capacity, testing to travel is the first option. And with more and more people being vaccinated, there is a growing population that should be able to travel without restriction.”